B.C. court quashes polygamy charges

VANCOUVER — Two controversial B.C. religious leaders who were set to challenge Canada’s laws against polygamy won’t soon get the chance now that a judge has quashed the charges against them.

Winston Blackmore

VANCOUVER — Two controversial B.C. religious leaders who were set to challenge Canada’s laws against polygamy won’t soon get the chance now that a judge has quashed the charges against them.

Winston Blackmore and James Oler were arrested earlier this year in Bountiful, B.C., and charged with one count each of polygamy.

The men had petitioned the court to stay the charges, arguing that the B.C. attorney general had gone “special prosecutor shopping” until he found someone who would go ahead with charges.

In a decision released Wednesday, B.C. Supreme Court Judge Sunni Stromberg-Stein agreed.

The judge said the province’s attorney general did not have the jurisdiction to appoint a second special prosecutor to consider charges against Blackmore and Oler after the first special prosecutor recommended against charging the two men.

“The harm in the appointment of successive special prosecutors is that it undermines the administration of justice by leaving the perception, if not the reality, of political interference and of oppressive or unfair prosecution,” the judge wrote.

“The Attorney General upset the critical balance that. . . should be kept between political independence and accountability.”

B.C. Premier Gordon Campbell said Wednesday he found the court ruling disappointing, but will not give up on the government’s goal of resolving the issue of polygamy in British Columbia.

Campbell said the government will review the court ruling and may appeal.

“I was surprised and disappointed when I heard the ruling,” he said. “The attorney general is going to review it and we’ll see what our next step should be.”

Several legal experts consulted by the province, including a special prosecutor appointed two years ago, suggested the issue should be referred to the Supreme Court of Canada to determine the constitutionality of the law before any charges were laid.

But then-attorney general Oppal appointed another special prosecutor, Terry Robertson, last year, and Robertson ultimately recommended charges.

But Blackmore’s lawyer, Joe Arvay, said the province should drop its attempts to prosecute British Columbians on polygamy charges.

“They can just forget about it and let Mr. Blackmore and his folk live their lives and practise their religion and leave them alone. That would be the right thing,” said Arvay.

He said there is a strong likelihood that Canada’s laws against polygamy would be found unconstitutional when put up against religious freedom rights.

But Nancy Mereska, who has been fighting polygamists in Canada for years through her Alberta website Stop Polygamy in Canada, urged the B.C. government to continue its attempt to prosecute Blackmore.

“I really want to see this ruling appealed and the prosecution of the charge of polygamy to go forward,” she said.

Campbell said the government remains concerned about tackling polygamy in British Columbia.

“It’s important to solve the issue, yes,” he said. “The question is how do you solve it.”

Stromberg-Stein said she found that the appointment of the second special prosecutor — and therefore the decision to charge the men — was “unlawful.”

The attorney general had no jurisdiction to appoint a second special prosecutor after the first one recommended against charges, the judge concluded.

Blackmore and Oler are leaders of two separate factions of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, a breakaway sect of the mainstream Mormon Church, which renounced polygamy more than a century ago. Blackmore was accused of having 19 wives, and Oler three.

The RCMP have launched numerous investigations into Bountiful since 1990, but prosecutors have repeatedly shied away from laying charges, concerned the polygamy laws wouldn’t survive a challenge under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

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