KYIV, Ukraine — Ukraine’s president warned Monday on the anniversary of the world’s worst atomic accident that the Chernobyl nuclear reactor remains a serious threat to Europe.
The 1986 reactor explosion sent a cloud of radiation over much of Europe and severe health problems persist a quarter-century later. President Viktor Yanukovych says some two million people suffer illnesses caused by the radiation.
The exploded reactor is encased in a deteriorating shell and internationally funded work to replace the shell is far behind schedule.
Yanukovych said during commemoration ceremonies Monday that the reactor is a threat “not only for Ukraine, but for Europe, Russia and Belarus.”
The radiation left swaths of Ukraine and Belarus uninhabitable.
Yanukovych laid flowers at a monument to explosion victims in Chernobyl, visited a plant on reprocessing a spent nuclear fuel.
Yanukovych pledged to give better care for Chernobyl victims and those who still suffer from the related diseases, calling that an issue of “conscience and honour.”
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov promised better medical treatment, higher pensions, accommodation.
In Kyiv, an Orthodox priest prayed near a monument to Chernobyl victims in front of hundreds who gathered to pay tribute to those who died. Some of them complained about inadequate compensation and treatment for those who fell ill after taking part in the cleanup.
“We lost our town, we lost everything. Every time, the authorities promise to rise our pensions, but they always lie,” said Serhiy Krasylnikov, a former plant worker who currently heads a Kyiv district union of Chernobyl victims.
A commemoration march took place later Monday evening in the capital of Belarus. In previous years, opposition groups had used unsanctioned commemoration gatherings as a venue for protesting against the authoritarian government. This year, officials have sanctioned the march.
In Minsk’s heavily policed central square, about 2,000 demonstrators held aloft opposition flags bearing slogans such as “Dictatorship is like another Chernobyl,” and “You cannot stop radiation with decrees.”
“Lukashenko is like a second Chernobyl for Belarus. He doesn’t solve the problem, but aggravates it,” said Dmitry Rusevich, an 18-year-old student.
Their march was due to end with a candlelit vigil by a church dedicated to the victims of the disaster.
Independent analysts in Belarus say much is being done to hide the truth about the wider consequences of the disaster to this day. They say contaminated agricultural produce still finds its way onto store shelves.