Scientist says tropical fish documented by diver signal warming Atlantic waters

HALIFAX — A marine biologist is taking notice of stunning images of tropical fish photographed by an amateur diver in the warming waters off Nova Scotia’s southern shore.

Boris Worm of Dalhousie University — who has also been a diver for decades — says the seahorses, spotfin butterfly fish and bluespotted cornetfish would once have been considered a rarity in Nova Scotia.

“There’s a sense these fish are becoming more numerous, and they are staying for longer,” the biologist said in an interview.

As the weather gets warmer, the tropical species are remaining in the region for longer periods of time, though most are likely dying off in late fall as waters grow cold, he added.

Diver Lloyd Bond said he has been able to capture more digital images of the colourful species over the past six years at Paddy’s Head in St. Margarets Bay and provide them to scientists like Worm.

“It’s a double-edged sword, because you’re pretty excited to see them, but they’re also a symptom of something unnatural going on there,” said Bond, who has been diving off the Nova Scotia coast for two decades.

Worm says he sees the presence of the fish as a signal of human-influenced climate change.

A Department of Fisheries and Oceans scientific summary titled “Canada’s Oceans Now,” states that two of the five warmest years in recorded history occurred in 2012 and 2014 in air temperatures, and sea surface temperatures followed that trend off Nova Scotia.

In addition, the Gulf Stream’s influence is increasing, resulting in “high deep-water temperatures on the Scotian Shelf and in the deep channels of the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” the report says.

Worm says it’s his view that some eddies of the Gulf Stream may be spinning into bays and inshore waters, bringing the tropical and sub-tropical fish into coastal inlets where divers see them.

“Those (eddies) are occurrences when we have very warm waters of 20 degrees or more, and they carry the tropical and subtropical species,” he said.

He says while the presence of the fish themselves isn’t likely to disrupt ecosystems, there’s the possibility that invasive predatory species and warm water diseases won’t be far behind.

“What has a larger impact is the warming water itself, which changes the composition of the phytoplankton and … it really re-organizes the food web,” he explained.

Warmer waters may also eventually bring in fresh diseases to Nova Scotia waters.

“It’s a general rule of thumb that a warmer world is a sicker world,” he said. “More micro-organisms can survive in warmer waters for longer periods of time.”

He cites the collapse of the lobster fishery off southern Rhode Island that occurred after a shell disease “that probably came in with warmer waters.”

The DFO report documenting warming waters noted a mixture of impacts on fisheries.

These range from declines in northern shrimp and snow crab, which prefer cooler waters, to increases in lobster populations that thrive in slightly warmer waters.

The federal report Canada’s Changing Climate, released in April, predicts “ocean warming and loss of oxygen will intensify with further emissions of greenhouse gases,” and that the chemical composition of the oceans will change.

Just Posted

Vikings Days a celebration of Danish immigration, culture

The Danish Canadian Museum near Dickson held its annual Viking Days celebration… Continue reading

Red Deer would be the site of potential TV show

A potential TV show aims to bring Red Deer kids across the… Continue reading

Oilsands firms considering diluent recovery units to boost crude-by-rail volumes

CALGARY — Ongoing pipeline project delays and growth in crude-by-rail capacity from… Continue reading

WATCH: ‘Lots to see and do’ at Pioneer Days in Red Deer

Sunnybrook Farm Museum is celebrating its 24th annual Pioneer Days this weekend.… Continue reading

Your community calendar

Thursday The Red Deer and District Garden Club hosts its annual Flower… Continue reading

Canada ‘disappointed’ terror suspect’s British citizenship revoked

OTTAWA — The United Kingdom is shirking its share of the international… Continue reading

Federal and provincial leaders to march in Montreal’s Pride parade

MONTREAL — A number of federal and provincial leaders are expected in… Continue reading

Regina woman suing after tip of son’s penis cut off in circumcision

REGINA — A Regina mother has filed a lawsuit alleging negligence after… Continue reading

Maxime Bernier tells party faithful he will make it into the leaders’ debates

OTTAWA — Maxime Bernier argued that not inviting him to take part… Continue reading

Alberta suspects lead Mounties on chase before their capture in Camrose

CAMROSE, Alta. — Mounties from the Wetaskiwin, Alta., detachment had their hands… Continue reading

Man dies in hospital after aggravated assault in Winnipeg, police say

Winnipeg police say a man is dead after he was allegedly assaulted… Continue reading

Advocates ‘internationalize’ the fight to free Raif Badawi from Saudi prison

MONTREAL — More than seven years after Raif Badawi was thrown in… Continue reading

Most Read