Northern Ireland lawmakers voted overwhelmingly Tuesday in favour of taking the next key step in making their Catholic-Protestant government work, creating a Justice Department to oversee law and order.
Three of the four parties in Northern Ireland’s cross-community government backed the motion to take control of the territory’s police and courts from Britain next month. The long-debated move would put law and order back into local hands for the first time since Northern Ireland’s descent into civil war four decades ago.
The British, Irish and American governments long have pressed for former Belfast foes to take this step and cement their partnership as the U.S.-brokered Good Friday peace accord of 1998 intended.
The two key coalition parties — the British Protestants of the Democratic Unionists and the Irish Catholics of Sinn Fein — negotiated the pact last month during nearly two weeks of day-and-night negotiations. But it required majority approval from both sides of the Assembly to become law.
While 88 lawmakers voted in favour of the Justice Department plans, including all Catholics on the Irish-nationalist side of the house, only 17 lawmakers from the Ulster Unionists — a minority on the Protestant side of the house — voted against.
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown lauded the vote as confirming the wisdom of “devolving” powers from Britain to local politicians in the Stormont Parliament Building in Belfast.
“The courage and leadership of the parties who voted to complete devolution at Stormont will be noted around the world,” Brown said.
Ulster Unionist leader Reg Empey argued they had no choice but to vote “no” — despite diplomatic pressure from British and Irish officials as well as former U.S. President George W. Bush — because Northern Ireland’s nearly 3-year-old coalition has failed to exercise its existing powers responsibly.
Empey specified how the two sides of Northern Ireland’s government, called the Executive, couldn’t even agree on how to reform high school entrance examinations despite years of deadlock on the issue. He said they couldn’t be trusted to oversee the life-or-death fight against Irish Republican Army dissidents who continue to mount shootings and bombings.
“The stark fact is the leaders of the parties in the Executive have not had a single conversation together about how we will respond to the dissident threat,” Empey said. He questioned whether Sinn Fein and the Democratic Unionists could “stand together when the inevitable challenge from these dissident elements comes.”
But Peter Robinson, the Democratic Unionist leader who also leads the coalition, mocked Empey as a sore loser.
“Northern Ireland doesn’t need leaders who are timid, or who dither and dally,” Robinson said.
On Friday, underscoring international interest in securing a unanimous support for the new Justice Department in Belfast, Bush telephoned David Cameron, leader of Britain’s opposition Conservative Party, to seek his help in persuading Ulster Unionist lawmakers to vote “yes.”
But Cameron said Tuesday that, despite his party’s electoral alliance with the Ulster Unionists, he couldn’t tell them how to vote.
The “yes” vote clears the way for Britain on April 12 to transfer control of the territory’s police and justice system to local hands for the first time since 1972, the worst year of Northern Ireland bloodshed.
Many Protestants oppose giving any Justice Department influence to Sinn Fein, whose leaders previously backed the Irish Republican Army campaign of 1970-1997. The IRA killed nearly 300 police officers and several judges as part of its failed effort to force Northern Ireland out of the United Kingdom. While most IRA members renounced violence and disarmed in 2005, Sinn Fein began supporting the police only in 2007.
Sinn Fein has agreed to give the top Justice Department post to David Ford, who leads Northern Ireland’s No. 5 party, Alliance. It is the only party that tries to attract votes equally from both sides of the community and, consequently, receives few votes from either.
On the Net:
Northern Ireland Assembly, http://www.niassembly.gov.uk/